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The difference between the load and the no-load of the transformer

Author:ZTELEC   Update time:2017-01-12 15:28:27
For the novice who just contacts transformer knowledge, there are always some confusing knowledge points in a large number of basic concepts. No load transformer running in transformer load operation is one of them. Although there are a lot of data to explain these two concepts, there are few data to explain the difference between the two.
This article will introduce the transformer no-load and transformer load operation respectively, and explain the difference between the two.
   Transformer no-load operation
   No load operation of transformer is the working state of the primary winding of the transformer connected to the power supply and the two winding open. At this point, the current in the primary winding is called the no-load current of the transformer. The no-load current produces an unloaded magnetic field. The electromotive force is induced in the one or two winding under the action of the main magnetic field (i.e. the magnetic field of one or two winding at the same time).
When the transformer is unloaded, there is no power output on the two side, but the one side still draws a part of the active power from the power grid to compensate for the magnetic flux saturation and the loss of the eddy current caused by the flux saturation in the core. The magnitude of hysteresis loss depends on the frequency of the power supply and the area of the hysteresis loop of the core material. The eddy current loss is directly proportional to the maximum magnetic flux density and the square of the frequency. There are also copper consumption caused by the no-load current. For different capacity transformers, the magnitude of no-load current and no-load loss is different.
Transformer load operation
   The load operation of a transformer is the working condition of the original winding connected to the supply voltage and the secondary winding around the load. At this time, the auxiliary side of the transformer also has current circulation, the original transformer access circuit is correspondingly larger than the no-load, and the side side voltage will be affected by the load.
Transformer load operation
Normal periodic load operation:
1. the transformer can operate at rated current throughout the year under the rated service condition. 2, the transformer is allowed to run periodically over rated current when the average relative aging rate is less than or equal to 1.
3. When the transformer has serious defects, such as the abnormal cooling system, the serious oil leakage, the local overheating, the abnormal analysis results of the dissolved gas in the oil, or the weakness of the insulation, it is not suitable for the operation of the superrated current.
4. Under the normal periodic load operation mode, the allowable load factor K2 and time can be determined according to one of the load guidelines.
The difference between the two
   The main difference between the operation of the transformer and the operation of the load is mainly reflected in the secondary coil. The load of the secondary coil is operated by the load of the transformer. The power of the secondary coil is large, the secondary coil is open and the micro power is generated by the no-load operation.
   The transformer uses the principle of electromagnetic induction to change the AC voltage. The main components are primary coils, secondary coils and cores (magnetic cores). In electrical equipment and wireless circuits, it is often used for lifting voltage, matching impedance, safety isolation and so on. When the transformer is running in no-load, it only consumes the loss of no load, that is, iron loss and stray, it is 6% of the total capacity, and the load running is the loss of load + load, that is, copper loss, which is the total consumption of the transformer.
This paper introduces the load operation and the load operation of the transformer respectively. After the groundwork of the basic knowledge is completed, the difference between the two is explained in detail. It is an article that is very suitable for the novice to read. I hope that friends who have doubts about no-load and load can be puzzled after reading this article.